Is a deacon

Is a deacon’s work material or spiritual?

Various New Testament passages show that deacon service can be material and physical. Angels ministered to the Lord (Matthew 4:11; Mark 1:13); Martha served (Luke 10:40; John 12:2. Financial relief (same word) sent from Antioch to Jerusalem was entrusted to Barnabas and Saul who fulfilled this ministry (Acts 11:29; Acts 12:25). Paul and Apollos, however, were ministers (1 Corinthians 3:5). Ministers wait on their ministry (Romans 12:7). In the epistles, the word usually describes a spiritual responsibility. Even Paul’s ministry to the saints in Jerusalem (Romans 15:25) involved an administrative responsibility for the money. In addition, the qualifications for a deacon (1 Timothy 3:8-10) are spiritual, including his "holding the mystery of the faith in a pure conscience." Deacon work then does not exclude physical and material responsibilities, but its emphasis is spiritual (1 Corinthians 3:5; 12:5; 2 Corinthians 3:3; 4:1; 5:18; Ephesians 4:12; 1 Timothy 1:12; 1 Peter 4:11).

D. Oliver