Does our Lord possess two natures?

Does our Lord possess two natures?

Is this a problem because we are told that we have two natures and these involve a conflict? No such conflict existed with our Lord. He is the indissoluble union of two distinct natures: all that deity is essentially and eternally; all that humanity is essentially and originally, without the possibility of sin.

Historically, the councils at Chalcedony (451) and Constantinople (553) addressed varied errors regarding the unique "substance" of our Lord Jesus Christ. The errors of the Apollinarians (the Lord had no human soul, not truly human), Nestorians (Jesus was indwelt by God, not truly God), and the Monophysites (meaning, "sole nature," endangering both His full humanity and full deity) forced clear "confessions" regarding the union of deity and humanity in our Lord. These "confessions" affirm the integrity of the union of the two natures in the one Person and the preservation of the characteristics of each nature "without confusion, change, division or separation." Jesus is "one and the same Christ, Son, Lord, Only-begotten, to be acknowledged in two natures, inconfusedly, unchangeably, indivisibly, inseparably; the distinction of natures, being by no means taken away by the union, but rather the property of each nature being preserved, and concurring in one Person and one Subsistence, not parted or divided into two persons, but one and the same Son, and only begotten, God the Word, the Lord Jesus Christ." This defines the hypostatic union of our Lord in which His underlying ("hupo") substance ("stasis") is the union of two eternally distinct "substances": He is of the same "substance" or essence as God ("very God of very God"), at the same time being of the same "substance" or essence as man ("very man of very man").

This expresses the profound implications of passages like Luke 1:31-35; John 1:1, 14; Romans 9:5; Philippians 2:6-8; Colossians 3:9; Hebrews 1:3, 8.

D. Oliver