How students learn

Methods of Teaching by Impression

All learning starts with stimulation of one or more of the senses - sight, hearing, feeling, smell and taste. It has been estimated that the total knowledge of a normal individual is gained as shown in the following chart:

Seeing - 75%
Hearing - 13%
Touching - 6%
Tasting - 3%
Smelling - 3%

  • The S.S. teacher uses visual methods to show the pupil.
  • Audio methods are used to tell the pupil the teachings of the Bible.
  • The performance technique is used to direct the pupil in doing what the Bible teaches him to do.
  • The first two types (visual and audio) are learning by impression.

Methods of Impression

Hearing lecture
Overhead projector
Record player
Map or Globe
Story and Illustration
Seeing Bible in Hand
Object lesson

Methods of Teaching by Impression - Definitions

Lecture Method

What it is

- A lecture is an explanation - The pupil participates as a listener.- Is rarely used throughout the entire lesson with use of questions, demonstrations, etc.- Is generally used with large groups.

How to use it

  • An effective lecture must be well planned. A successful preacher once said. "I tell them what I am going to tell them. Next I tell them. Then I tell them what I told them. Finally I ask them if they understand."
  • Keep it short. If you don't strike oil in 10 minutes, Stop boring!
  • Be pleasing. Keep pupils on your side. Avoid being a grouch.
  • Be prepared. Know the points you want to emphasize.
  • Be sure all pupils can see and hear you.
  • Keep it simple.
  • Speak slowly enough to be understood.
  • Expect attention and get it. Be sure you deserve it.
  • Summarize at strategic intervals.
  • Be human. A sense of humor, a smile, etc.
  • Keep the group in a problem solving state of mind. A listener must be thinking to be learning.
  • Be conscious of time. STOP! when time is up.
  • Avoid monotony in speech and mannerisms.
  • Be dramatic.
  • Be sincere, practice what you preach!

Bible in Hand

The Bible is the textbook and the teacher should use it. Someone said that a man carrying a Bible as he walked down the street for a block preached a sermon a block long.
The teacher with the Bible in hand teaches the pupil to recognize, to respect, to believe, and to obey God's Word.

Bulletin Board

A bulletin board displays materials related to the lesson or Unit theme. A bulletin board is most effective when it presents a simple story or principle. Change the bulletin board often.


A teacher plus a chalkboard equals two teachers. A chalkboard supplies the pupil with a visual summary of points covered in a lecture or lesson. Simple drawings outline the lesson truth. AVOID too much writing or you will lose the pupils' interest.


A chart pictures information in some methodical form. This method is particularly valuable because of eye appeal. Prepare charts in advance. Avoid posting permanently as this will often distract. A chart may be used to introduce a lesson thus gaining immediate interest of the pupils. A "strip chart" can be of great help. Strips of paper cover the outline allowing the teacher to uncover the lesson point by point. Avoid talking to the chart. Use a pointer and talk to the class.


A display is a collection of objects set up to illustrate a principle or present information.


A diorama is a scene made in an open box including small figures, grass, and objects.


A flannelgraph is an effective method because action is involved and the story is developed picture by picture, keeping interest at a high level. Also because we learn mostly by what we see, the story or lesson is remembered.

Object Lesson

An object lesson allows the teacher to develop the lesson sometimes holding attention by a degree of mystery.
Example: Object in a bag. Object lessons must be prepared in advance.

Overhead Projector

The overhead projector can be a great benefit to the teacher. A flick of the switch can divert class attention from the screen to the teacher. This cannot be done with a picture.
A teacher can develop a lesson by use of many colors on a chart or map, etc., previously prepared. You can also develop your lesson point by point by use of a covering paper. This method is similar to the "strip chart".

Peep Box

The peep box is simply a shoe box with a scene at one end and a peephole at the other. Small children can look through the peep hole and see the scene when a light is turned on. This will create enthusiasm.

Picture (Flat)

A large picture can be used many ways. One example in younger classes is to have the children tell you a story about the picture. Avoid unscriptural pictures which may result in an unwanted interpretation by the child.

Methods of Teaching by Impression - Age Differences

  Age Group
  Age 2-3 Age 4-5 Gr 1-2 Gr 3-4 Gr 5-6 Gr 7-9 Gr 10-11 Young Adult Adult
Lecture       3 3 3 2 2 1
Story 1 1   2 2 3 3 3 3
Bible in Hand 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Chalkboard     2 1 1 1 1 1 1
Diorama   1 1 2 2        
Display   2 2 1 1 2 2 3 3
Slides   3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Flannelgraph 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Map/Globe     3 1 1 1 1 1 1
Object Lesson   3 2 1 1 1 1 1 1
Overheads       2 2 2 2 1 1
Peep Box 1 1 2 3 3        
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